Indian fishermen catch the second largest number of sharks in the world. Dipani and her team are collecting data in manic fish markets to create a baseline understanding of the country’s sharks and how to save them.
It was a lovely day on the water. A gentle breeze, a calm, deep blue sea with just a slight ripple – a perfect day for scanning the horizon for dolphins. And lo and behold, we caught sight of a mega-pod of spinner dolphins and were soon busy with data sheets, camera, hydrophone, stopwatch and all that jazz. We got back to shore satisfied with our day on the water. At the docking site, our fisher friends were emptying their catches from their gill-net and hook-line fishing boats. I stopped short when I noticed the largest mobulid I had ever...
The general aim of this project is to obtain a robust social, ecological and economic assessment of shark fisheries and attitudes towards shark conservation in the study area.
Shark fisheries in Gujarat and Maharashtra show clear signs of decline. Thus efforts to provide baseline data about these fisheries are extremely crucial for conservation of sharks in the Arabian Sea.
Seventy shark species are found in Indian waters, of which about 18 are commonly caught in commercial fisheries and three are listed as Endangered by the IUCN. The international market for shark fin has been the primary driver behind the unlimited expansion of Indian shark fishing over the past 60 years.
In 2001, the government of India imposed a blanket ban on all shark fishing, but fisher groups retaliated, mainly due to their non-inclusion in the policy’s formulation. More recently, in 2013, CITES recommended the listing of three shark species that are commercially important for India in Appendix II, thus increasing the regulations for these species. Moreover, the Ministry of Environment & Forests-New Delhi (MoEF) has banned all shark finning in national waters through the ‘fins attached’ policy.
Given that India is the second largest harvester of shark products worldwide, stakeholders will need space and time to absorb the recent CITES and MoEF notifications. At the same time, holistic assessments of shark stocks and shark fisheries need to be systematically carried out to conserve and manage shark stocks and diversity for the future. Our project will focus on Gujarat and Maharashtra fisheries, which according to the latest government data (2004), together contribute 46% of total shark catches in India. However, they also show clear signs of decline.
The aims and objectives of this project are to:
To find out which shark species occur in Puerto Rican waters, Glorimar is using genetics and getting samples from fish markets. She also relies on the assistance of local fishers. Filling this fundamental knowledge gap will help to assess local consumption of sharks and build up the community’s understanding of how sharks function in the marine ecosystem.
Shark fishing is becoming increasingly important in St Vincent, but little is known about the shark populations there. Catherine is figuring out which sharks live there and how they are utilised by local communities. She’s working with fishermen to achieve sustainable management of these fisheries.
At the northern extent of the hugely productive waters of the Benguela Ecosystem, Angola’s rich waters support a huge artisanal fishing fleet. Ana is unlocking information about sharks and rays in the region, building the baseline for managing and protecting these species in West African waters.