Jillian is catalysing a community-driven shark conservation programme in Turks and Caicos. She is combining research and outreach to engage young locals in the conservation of sharks and their mangrove habitats. To understand the habitat use and movement patterns of young lemon sharks, Jillian will train local young adults to assist with the shark-tagging programme. High school students will be brought in to participate, and schools will be equipped with activities and in-person lessons. A curriculum for all the schools is part of Jillian’s hope to inspire a committed cohort of new ocean stewards who will outlast her programme.
I was born and raised in a small town in Maine and my love for the ocean started at an early age. Living on a lake and having parents who loved the water provided lots of opportunities to swim and explore. I spent countless hours trawling through tidal pools at the coast as well as snorkelling off our dock. During a trip to Florida for my dad’s work, I snorkelled with a shark for the first time at the age of eight. It was a small nurse shark and I was absolutely amazed. When I was five I...
To assess the population dynamics of juvenile lemon sharks in the region and to involve the local community in creating long-lasting conservation efforts through science, education and outreach.
The proposed legislation for shark protection in the Turks and Caicos Islands has yet to be finalised, due in part to the lack of scientific data. Sharks are still unprotected and legally harvested. While data have recently started to be collected on other species, the juvenile lemon shark population remains unstudied. We will work alongside local community members, combining scientific research with outreach to increase the sustainability of our conservation efforts.
The islands of Turks and Caicos are part of the same archipelago as The Bahamas, sharing similar habitats, species and environmental challenges. The entire exclusive economic zone of The Bahamas became a shark sanctuary in 2011, banning fishing for, sale of and possession of sharks or shark parts. Currently there is no protection for sharks in Turks and Caicos and the proposed legislation to ban commercial fishing and the export of products has gained no traction for nearly a decade.
This location presents an opportunity to create a community-driven research and outreach project. We don’t want to collect data and then share with locals; we want them to be there with us, not only participating, but also taking on leadership roles. There is a need for this and I know we can create something unique and powerful. As scientists, we often overlook the value of local stakeholders who have spent their lives in a location, on and in the water, and are invaluable in the creation of long-lasting conservation for any species. We also know that people are far more receptive when the information comes from someone they know or someone from the same area. Representation matters and we believe this to be a critical aspect of our efforts.
Recognising the importance of data collection as well as outreach, we’ve developed this proposal. Both sharks and mangroves are under threat and it is critical to collect data about them. By involving interested young adults, we can ensure that this project can be carried on and monitored long after we are gone. Giving students the chance to work with us means we are creating ocean stewards who will support ocean and shark conservation in the future.
The general aim is to combine research and education to create a community-driven shark conservation programme. We will accomplish this by focusing on five main objectives:
Outside the USA, The Bahamas is the only place where Critically Endangered smalltooth sawfish can reliably be found. Tristan wants to ensure that protection measures in The Bahamas are understood and enforced as far as sawfish are concerned to close the current gap between policy and the people. He’ll be using aerial surveys, sonar and BRUVs, combined with interviews that draw on local knowledge, to identify essential sawfish habitats that need protection. Engaging with the community through workshops and by training students and meeting with government, Tristan intends to advocate for smalltooth sawfish protection throughout The Bahamas’ territorial waters.
Steven and Kevin are using genetic techniques to understand how Caribbean reef shark populations are connected across the extent of their range. Populations of this Endangered shark are in decline generally, but where they are managed and there is effective protection, their numbers are stable. With the integration of the correct information, Steven and Kevin are convinced that we can give Caribbean reef sharks a better shot at recovery and population stabilisation. They will also explore any barriers to connectivity, looking to the future recruitment and recovery of these sharks.
With very little information available about Endangered sicklefin devil rays, their seasonal aggregations at sea mounts in the Azores give Sophie an opportunity to learn more about their lives. She will be collecting satellite-tracking data that show how they move in the Azores’ exclusive economic zone. The information she collects will be used to develop maps of how the rays are using the zone and to identify essential areas that multiple species use. With this information at hand, Sophie hopes her work can contribute to a network of marine protected areas.