Fenella is studying British spurdog, a small shark found across the temperate regions around the world. She wants to know how related populations of spurdog are around the British Isles. While commercial targeting of spurdog has been banned after major population declines, whole aggregations can be caught as bycatch. Fenella’s team is asking how related an aggregation might be, using individuals caught from an accidental bycatch event. Her project’s work can look at genetic connectivity of spurdog within a single aggregation and between populations across the British Isles
For as long as I can remember, I have felt an affinity with water. As a youngster, I spent every summer along the South Wales coast, exploring rock pools and swimming as much as I could. For the rest of the year, I would fill up on nature documentaries, longing to get back into the water the following summer. I was determined to turn my summer experience into my every day, instead of once a year. To do that, I moved to South Wales and started my BSc (Hons) in zoology at Cardiff University. Despite living relatively...
To investigate the family relationships between individuals within a single spurdog aggregation and estimate their genetic connectivity with the wider Northeast Atlantic population.
Spurdog are an aggregating species, making them particularly vulnerable to being caught in large quantities by commercial fisheries as bycatch. There has been limited research into this aggregating behaviour and the impact bycatch may have on the population. This project has the rare opportunity to assess genetic relatedness within a single aggregation, to reveal the impact that removing these aggregations may have on the Northeast Atlantic gene pool.
Spurdog, also known as spiny dogfish, are a wide-ranging, highly mobile, small shark that can be found in temperate seas across the globe. Like most elasmobranchs spurdog exhibit slow life-history traits including a long generation time of 25 – 35 years and an 18 – 24 month gestation period. Once a commercially important species, they are now listed as Endangered in the Northeast Atlantic by the IUCN red list due to a 77% decline in biomass between 1955 and 2010. The aggregating nature of the species means that when they are caught by commercial fisheries, a large number are caught. Not only is this an issue for a reduction in population size, but there could be unknown effects on genetic diversity. Previous research suggests these aggregations may contain a high proportion of closely related individuals (perhaps as siblings) and losing these family groups can decrease genetic diversity, reducing their ability to adapt to environmental change. Understanding the genetic composition of spurdog aggregations is crucial to assess the potential impact of bycatch on population sustainability in the Northeast Atlantic. This is the first time family relations will have been assessed for an elasmobranch aggregation on such a scale. However, previous work using relatedness information has proven key in understanding the ecology and life-history of elasmobranchs.
Demian’s team is developing tools that help border control officers identify illegal shark products. His project is sifting through ‘rhino ray’ DNA sequences looking for differences in code between the guitarfishes, giant guitarfishes and wedgefishes nicknamed for their pointy snouts (and Endangered status). Months of testing will help ensure only rhino ray DNA is targeted before the team flies to Hong Kong to help officials use a portable DNA tester. This project will add to the arsenal currently being used to identify illegal shark fins moving across borders, and help stop the trafficking of ‘rhino ray’ fins.
Aristide created a citizen science platform and mobile app for fishers across Cameroon’s 400 km coastline to record sightings of sharks, rays and marine life. These photos are uploaded to iNaturalist where they are identified and will serve to create Cameroon’s first elasmobranch atlas. Together with his team, Aristide ensures data are being uploaded, visits fish landing sites to assess bycatch and measure sharks, and scours the beaches to check for strandings and sea turtle nests. He collects tissue samples of threatened species in these visits that can give more insights into the diversity, population size and structure of vulnerable sharks.
Ali is collaborating with researchers across North Africa and the Eastern Mediterranean to develop support tools for guitarfish conservation. As an advocate, much of her work is completed behind a computer and locked in meetings, but her goal is to help bring awareness to the threatened status of guitarfish in the Mediterranean. The current Director of Conservation for the Shark Trust, Ali represents a large number of regional partners to engage with governments, develop new resources and coordinate guitarfish conservation activities.