Fenella is studying Scotland’s spurdogs, a small shark found across the British Isles and in temperate regions around the world. While commercial targeting of spurdogs has been banned after major population declines, whole aggregations can be caught as bycatch. Fenella’s team is asking how related a population might be, if it’s caught in a single aggregation event off the Isles of Scilly. Her project’s work can look at relatedness of spurdogs across the British Isles, and also provide insights into the diet and movement of spurdogs within aggregations.
For as long as I can remember, I have felt an affinity with water. As a youngster, I spent every summer along the South Wales coast, exploring rock pools and swimming as much as I could. For the rest of the year, I would fill up on nature documentaries, longing to get back into the water the following summer. I was determined to turn my summer experience into my every day, instead of once a year. To do that, I moved to South Wales and started my BSc (Hons) in zoology at Cardiff University. Despite living relatively...
To investigate the family relationships between individuals within a single spurdog aggregation and estimate their genetic connectivity with the wider north-eastern Atlantic population.
The spurdog is an aggregating species, which makes it particularly vulnerable to being taken as by-catch in large quantities by commercial fisheries. There has been limited research into this aggregating behaviour and the impact by-catch may have on the population. This project has the rare opportunity to assess genetic relatedness within a single aggregation and thus to reveal the impact that removing these aggregations may have on the gene pool in the north-eastern Atlantic.
The spurdog, also known as spiny dogfish, is a wide-ranging and highly mobile small shark that can be found in temperate seas around the globe. Like most elasmobranchs, it exhibits slow life-history traits, including a long generation time of 25–35 years and a gestation period lasting 18–24 months. Once a commercially important species, it is now categorised as Endangered in the north-eastern Atlantic by the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species due to a 77% decline in biomass between 1955 and 2010. The aggregating nature of the species means that when individuals are caught by commercial fisheries, they are caught in large numbers. Not only is this an issue in that the population size is reduced, but there could be unknown effects on genetic diversity. Previous research suggests these aggregations may contain a high proportion of closely related individuals (perhaps as siblings) and losing these family groups can decrease genetic diversity, reducing the species’ ability to adapt to environmental change. Understanding the genetic composition of spurdog aggregations is crucial to assessing the potential impact of by-catch on population sustainability in the north-eastern Atlantic. This is the first time family relations will have been assessed for an elasmobranch aggregation on such a scale. However, previous work using relatedness information has proven key in understanding the ecology and life history of elasmobranchs.
Tom has a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity to tease apart the impacts of human visitation, climate change and fishing on Adélie, Gentoo and Chinstrap penguins. Using drone footage, camera data and faecal samples collected in 2020/21 and into 2022, he’s monitoring Antarctica in years with minimal human footprint due to the Covid-19 pandemic. Tom wants to know whether rising sea temperatures, increasing krill fishing or a growing tourism presence is driving declines of Antarctic Peninsula penguins. By comparing 10 years’ of monitoring data to these data, he hopes to use his findings to inform policy decisions to conserve the Antarctic Peninsula’s penguin colonies.
Demian’s team is developing tools that help border control officers identify illegal shark products. His project is sifting through ‘rhino ray’ DNA sequences looking for differences in code between the guitarfishes, giant guitarfishes and wedgefishes nicknamed for their pointy snouts (and Endangered status). Months of testing will help ensure only rhino ray DNA is targeted before the team flies to Hong Kong to help officials use a portable DNA tester. This project will add to the arsenal currently being used to identify illegal shark fins moving across borders, and help stop the trafficking of ‘rhino ray’ fins.
Aristide created a citizen science platform and mobile app for fishers across Cameroon’s 400 km coastline to record sightings of sharks, rays and marine life. These photos are uploaded to iNaturalist where they are identified and will serve to create Cameroon’s first elasmobranch atlas. Together with his team, Aristide ensures data are being uploaded, visits fish landing sites to assess bycatch and measure sharks, and scours the beaches to check for strandings and sea turtle nests. He collects tissue samples of threatened species in these visits that can give more insights into the diversity, population size and structure of vulnerable sharks.